HPV Education Topics
How is genital HPV passed from person to person? There are about 40 types of HPV that typically infect the genitals. These HPV types are spread by skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. You can get a genital HPV infection even if you do not have sexual intercourse.
What are the symptoms of HPV infection?
HPV infection often has no signs or symptoms. People with HPV infection usually do not know they have it. This is one reason why HPV spreads easily.
What types of HPV cause genital warts?
Some types of HPV cause genital warts. These types are called “low-risk types” because they do not turn into cancer. Most cases of genital warts are caused by just two low-risk types of HPV: type 6 and type 11.
The best way to protect yourself is by getting the HPV vaccine. One way to protect against HPV infection is by getting the HPV vaccine. The vaccine is safe and effective and protests against the HPV types that are the most common causes of genital warts and cancer. Millions of people around the world have gotten the HPV vaccine without serious side effects. The vaccine does not contain live viruses, so it cannot cause an HPV infection.
What is cervical cancer screening?
Cervical cancer screening includes the Pap test, an HPV test, or both (called co-testing). Both tests use cells taken from the cervix. You should start having a screening at age 21, regardless of when you first start having sex. How often you should have screening and which tests you should have depended on your age and health history.
When should people get the HPV vaccine?
Vaccination works best when it is done before a person is sexually active and exposed to HPV. But vaccination can still reduce the risk of getting HPV for people who have already been sexually active. The ideal age for HPV vaccination for girls and boys is 11 or 12, but it can be given starting at age 9 through 26.
Human Papillomavirus Vaccination
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. Most people who have sex will get an HP infection at some point. HPV infections can cause genital warts. HPV infections also can cause changes in cells that can lead to cancer over time, including cancer of the cervix. HPV vaccination is a safe and effective way to protect yourself and your sex partners against HPV-related diseases.
You Need to Know
- how HPV infection passes from person to person
- about HPV-related cervical cancer and genital warts
- how the HPV vaccine can protect you against infection
HPV and Cancer
The immune system fights most HPV infections and clears them from the body, usually within two years. But sometimes, HPV infections can last longer. A prolonged illness with a “high-risk” HPV type can turn into cancer. It usually takes years for this to happen.
HPV and Genital Warts
Genital warts are growths that can appear on the outside or inside of the vagina or on the penis. Warts can also spread to nearby skin and grow around the anus, on the vulva, or the cervix.
Overview of HPV
HPV is a virus. Like all viruses, HPV causes infection by entering cells. Once inside a cell, HPV takes control of its internal machinery and uses it to make copies of itself. These copies then infect other nearby cells. HPV infection is a slow process. In most people, the immune system clears the body of HPV before it causes disease. How is genital HPV passed from person to person?
ACOG Resources and Information on HPV
Celebration Obstetrics and Gynecology is a leader in women’s healthcare in Florida, with a patient-first approach. Serious health risks caused by HPV can be easily mitigated by taking the simple step of immunization. To make an appointment, give us a call at 877-800-0239 today!
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